How to Become a Professor in India: A Comprehensive Guide

Written by: Hardik Jethva

Last Updated: June 27, 2023

how to become a professor in India
A male professor taking a class in a modern classroom.

Academia, with its intellectual challenges and the opportunity to shape young minds, is an alluring career option for many. In India, the role of a professor is not only revered but also considered as a contributor to the nation-building process. If you’re passionate about teaching and research, becoming a professor in India could be a rewarding career path for you. In this detailed guide, let’s explore the steps you need to take to embark on this journey.

Let’s discover how to become a professor in India.

1 Understanding the Role

Before delving into the steps, it’s essential to understand what being a professor in India entails. Professors are expected to teach, of course, but they also need to engage in research, publish papers, attend conferences, and often play a role in administrative duties. The position demands a combination of academic prowess, dedication, and effective communication skills.

2 Educational Requirements

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Step 1: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

The journey begins with earning a bachelor’s degree in your chosen field. It could be in arts, science, commerce, engineering or any other discipline. Ensure that you perform well and grasp the foundational concepts, as this is the stepping stone for higher studies.

Step 2: Pursue a Master’s Degree

After completing your bachelor’s, enroll in a relevant master’s program. In India, this is typically a two-year course. Focus on building a deeper understanding of your chosen subject and consider engaging in small research projects or internships that bolster your academic profile.

Step 3: Qualify for NET or SET

The National Eligibility Test (NET) is conducted by the National Testing Agency on behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC). This exam is crucial for those aspiring to be Assistant Professors or to pursue PhDs in Indian universities. Some states also conduct the State Eligibility Test (SET) for appointments within their jurisdictions.

While not always mandatory, holding a Ph.D. is highly recommended for aspiring professors, as it enhances both employment opportunities and earning potential. During your doctorate, focus on publishing research papers in reputed journals and presenting at conferences.

3 Building Your Profile

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Step 5: Engage in Research and Publications

As mentioned, publishing research papers is crucial. This not only builds your profile but also establishes your expertise in your subject. Aim to publish in peer-reviewed journals and actively participate in national and international conferences.

Step 6: Gain Teaching Experience

Teaching experience is often a requirement for professorial positions. Look for opportunities as a guest lecturer, adjunct professor, or assistant professor. Gaining experience will also help you develop your teaching style and understand the academic environment better.

Step 7: Stay Updated and Network

Keeping abreast of developments in your field is critical. Attend workshops, seminars, and other academic events. Networking can also open up opportunities for collaboration and even future employment.

4 Application Process and Interviews

Application Process and Interviews
A man applying for jobs in his laptop.

Step 8: Prepare a Stellar CV and Cover Letter

Your CV should include your educational qualifications, publications, teaching experience, and any other relevant achievements. Your cover letter should be well-written, briefly explaining why you are a good fit for the position.

Step 9: Apply for Positions

Regularly check university websites, job portals, and the UGC website for vacancies. When you find suitable openings, submit your application as per the instructions given in the job advertisement.

Step 10: Prepare for Interviews

If shortlisted, you will be called for an interview. This is your chance to showcase your knowledge, teaching skills, and passion for the role. Be prepared to give a demonstration lecture and answer questions about your research.

5 Career Progression

Career Progression
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Step 11: Continuous Professional Development

Once employed, the journey doesn’t end. Engage in continuous professional development. Publish regularly, participate in conferences, and stay updated with teaching methodologies.

Step 12: Move up the Ladder

In India, professors can progress from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor and then to Professor. This progression is based on years of experience, publications, and contributions to the institution and the academic community.

6 Challenges and Considerations

Portrait of mature professor standing in university library and looking at camera while students are studying in the background.

Geographic Preferences

Consider whether you are willing to relocate. Opportunities may not always be available in your preferred location. Sometimes, moving to another city or state might be necessary.

Financial Expectations

Initially, academia may not be as lucrative as other professions. However, it can be financially rewarding in the long term, especially when you reach higher positions and gain recognition in your field.

Balancing Teaching and Research

Juggling teaching responsibilities with research can be challenging. Time management and prioritization are key skills that you will need to develop.

Community Engagement

As a professor, you will be expected to contribute to the community. This can include participating in institutional development, student mentoring, and community outreach programs.

7 Conclusion

Becoming a professor in India is a rewarding yet challenging career path. The journey demands dedication, continuous learning, and a passion for teaching and research. By following the steps outlined in this guide, honing your skills, and remaining committed to your goals, you can make a significant impact in academia and play a pivotal role in shaping the future of the nation.

If you liked this blog, make sure to check out our related blog on how to become a journalist as well.

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About This Article

Hardik Jethva
Written by: Hardik Jethva author

Hardik Jethva is an experienced author of the BestCheck family. Working from scratch, he has developed an amazing interest in testing and writing about different products in a transparent manner. His writing skills got more audience for BestCheck. Apart from his professional life, Hardik has his eyes on travelling, meditation, eating healthy food, socializing with people, and car rides.

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Updated: June 27, 2023
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