How to Write an FIR? A Foolproof Method & Format

Written by: Kaushik Jethva

Last Updated: November 23, 2023

handcuffs and wooden gavel crime and violence concept
Handcuffs and wooden gavel. Crime and violence concept

Imagine this: It’s a calm evening, and you’re walking back home from work. Suddenly, you notice something disturbing – a crime in action, a theft perhaps, or even something more serious. You feel a rush of adrenaline, fear, shock, and a sense of responsibility. What should you do next? Who should you inform? This is where knowing how to write an FIR or First Information Report becomes crucial.

Navigating the justice system can feel daunting, but one of the first steps towards getting justice is effectively communicating the details of the crime. This first step is known as an FIR. The FIR sets the ball rolling for the investigation and eventually helps deliver justice. Yet, many of us are unsure about how to write an FIR, what to include, and where to submit it.

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on “How to Write an FIR.” This blog will demystify the process for you, explain the FIR format, and equip you with the knowledge needed to take that first, vital step in the journey towards justice. By the end of this guide, you’ll have a clear understanding of how to write an FIR and how this crucial document can help bring the guilty to book. Whether you’re a victim, a witness, or a responsible citizen looking to expand your legal knowledge, this guide will help you navigate the process with confidence. Let’s get started.

1What is an FIR?

A First Information Report, commonly known as an FIR, is a document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. It sets the process of criminal justice in motion and is considered a vital document in legal proceedings.

It’s essential to know how to write an FIR because it serves as the first record of the crime and provides a base for the investigating authorities. Remember, an FIR must be factual, concise, clear, and comprehensive. The person who files an FIR is known as the ‘complainant’ or the ‘informant.’

2When to File an FIR?

You can file an FIR whenever a cognizable crime is committed. Cognizable crimes are serious in nature, like murder, rape, kidnapping, theft, burglary, etc., where the police can make an arrest without a warrant.

In case of non-cognizable offences, the police will enter the details in the daily diary and advise the complainant to approach the court for any further action.

Knowing when and how to write an FIR is critical for initiating the criminal justice process in such instances.

3How to Write an FIR?

Writing an FIR isn’t as daunting as it may initially appear. Let’s break down the process step by step.

Step 1: Approach the Police Station

Firstly, you need to go to the police station that falls under the jurisdiction of the place where the offence was committed. If you’re unsure about the jurisdiction, don’t worry. Just approach any police station, and they will guide you to the correct one.

Step 2: Request to File an FIR

Once you reach the correct police station, inform the officer in charge that you wish to file an FIR. It’s essential to clearly communicate your intent to file an FIR rather than a general complaint.

Step 3: Provide Detailed Information

The success of how to write an FIR relies heavily on providing accurate and detailed information about the offence. You should mention the following:

  • Date and Time of Incident: Mention the exact date and time when the crime was committed.
  • Place of Incident: Specify the location where the crime took place.
  • Description of the Incident: Describe the incident in detail. It should include all pertinent information related to the crime.
  • Identifying Information: If possible, provide identifying details of the person(s) involved in the crime, like physical attributes, clothes, any unique identifiers, etc.
  • Witnesses: Mention the names, addresses, and contact numbers of any potential witnesses to the crime, if any.
  • Lost Property: If any property was lost during the incident, provide details of the same, including the approximate value.

Step 4: Write in a Language You Are Comfortable With

You can write an FIR in any language that you are comfortable with. It doesn’t necessarily have to be in English. In fact, it’s preferable to write in a language you’re fluent in to avoid any miscommunication.

Step 5: Read, Sign, and Collect a Copy

After you have provided all the information, the police will prepare the FIR in a prescribed format. Read it thoroughly to ensure all details are correct. Once you are satisfied, sign the FIR. Remember, you have the right to get a free copy of the FIR, so make sure to collect it.

Step 6: Follow Up

Once you’ve filed the FIR, it’s vital to follow up with the police to check on the progress of the investigation. If the police fail to take action, you can approach the Superintendent of Police or other higher authorities. Knowing how to write an FIR is just the first step; ensuring the case is being actively pursued is equally important.

4FIR Format

The FIR typically follows a specific format. While it may vary slightly across different states or countries, the general structure remains the same:

Police Station: Name of the police station where the FIR is being filed.

FIR Number: Each FIR is assigned a unique number for tracking purposes.

Date and Time of Report: The date and time when the FIR was filed.

Details of Complainant/Informant: Name, address, and contact details of the person filing the FIR.

Date/Time/Place of Incident: When and where the incident occurred.

Description of the Incident: A detailed account of the event, including the nature of the crime.

Details of Suspects and Witnesses: Names, descriptions, and other details of the suspects, if known, and any witnesses to the crime.

Details of Property Lost (if any): If any property was lost or stolen during the incident, details of the same.

Details of Officer Recording the FIR: The name, rank, and signature of the officer recording the FIR.

5Points to Remember

  • Filing an FIR is a Right: Everyone has the legal right to file an FIR. If the police refuse to register your FIR, you can complain to a higher-ranking officer or approach a judicial magistrate directly.
  • FIR should be Prompt: FIR should be filed promptly after the incident. Delay in filing an FIR can lead to suspicion about the truthfulness of the facts and figures mentioned in it.
  • No Legal Knowledge Required: You don’t need to be a legal expert to understand how to write an FIR. The police officer should help you write it down in a proper, coherent manner.
  • FIR can be Filed by Anyone: Not just the victim, but anyone who is aware of the offence can file an FIR.
  • Filing a False FIR is Punishable: It’s a crime to file a false FIR, and a person can be punished under law for doing so.

Police Station: XYZ Police Station

FIR No: 123/2023

Date & Time of Report: June 16, 2023, at 15:00 hours

Complainant/Informant Details:

Name: John Doe
Address: 123 Park Avenue, Anytown, Anystate
Contact Number: (123) 456-7890

Date/Time of Incident: June 15, 2023, between 19:00 and 21:00 hours

Place of Incident: 456 Central Park, Anytown, Anystate

Description of the Incident:

On June 15, 2023, between 19:00 and 21:00 hours, while I was away from my home, an unknown person(s) illegally entered my residence located at 456 Central Park, Anytown, Anystate. When I returned home at around 21:30 hours, I found the front door of my house forced open, and my house was in a state of disarray.

Upon further inspection, I found my laptop (a 2022 model Apple MacBook Pro), a gold necklace, and approximately $500 in cash missing from my home. There were no eyewitnesses as far as I know, as I have questioned my immediate neighbors and no one seems to have noticed any suspicious activity.

Details of Suspects and Witnesses:

Suspects: Unknown

Witnesses: None

Property Lost:

Apple MacBook Pro (2022 model) – $2000
Gold necklace – $1500
Cash – $500

Officer Recording FIR:

Name: Officer Jane Smith
Rank: Constable
Date: June 16, 2023

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About This Article

Kaushik Jethva
Written by: Kaushik Jethva author

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Updated: November 23, 2023
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