Exploring the Diverse Mango Varieties in India

Written by: Kaushik Jethva

Last Updated: September 19, 2023

different varieties of mangoes from several parts of india
Different varieties of mangoes from several parts of India

India, the land of diverse cultures and traditions, is also a paradise for the exotic tropical fruit – the mango. Revered as the national fruit, Indian mangoes have a special place in the hearts of its people. From the hills of the north to the coastal regions of south India, mango trees thrive, producing an array of different types of mangoes that are relished across the country and beyond.

For mango lovers worldwide, the Indian subcontinent is one of the exotic mango hotspots. India boasts a vast spectrum of mango varieties, each with a distinct taste and juicy texture that entices the palate. Let’s embark on a journey through the orchards of India, exploring some of the country’s most delicious and sought-after mango varieties.

1 List of Varieties of Mangoes in India

Alphonso Mangoes (Hapus)

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Alphonso Mangoes

Famously known as the ‘King of Mangoes,’ Alphonso mangoes have earned a reputation for their sweet taste and juicy flavor. This mango variety predominantly grows in the regions of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Recognized by its bright yellow skin, the Alphonso mango is a treat that many wait for during the mango season.

Kesar Mangoes

kesar mangoes
Kesar Mangoes

Gujarat’s pride, the Kesar mango, is so named because its pulp resembles saffron in both color and aroma. This mango variety offers a very delicious taste and juicy flesh beneath its green skin.

Dasheri Mangoes (Dasheri)

dasheri mangoes
Dasheri Mangoes

Originating from North India, especially Uttar Pradesh, this mango variety has a pleasant taste and a thin skin. Over the years, Dashehari has been one of the famous mangoes of the region.

Langra Mangoes

langra mangoes
Langra Mangoes

Hailing from the region of Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, Langra mangoes are a mid-season fruit with greenish-yellow skin and a tangy flavor that is loved by many.

Neelam Mango

neelam mango
Neelam Mango

Popular in South India, especially Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, Neelam mangoes appear by the onset of monsoon. This mango variety is known for its rosy flavor and aromatic taste.

Himsagar Mangoes and Kishan Bhog Mangoes

himsagar mangoes
Himsagar Mangoes

West Bengal’s treasures, these mango varieties are revered for their superb flavor and thin skin.

Totapuri Mangoes

totapuri mangoes
Totapuri Mangoes

Easily identified by its parrot beak-like tip, Totapuri thrives in the southern states. Its flesh has a blend of sweet and sour notes, making it versatile for both eating raw and for culinary uses.

Badami Mangoes

badami mangoes
Badami Mangoes

Often referred to as the Alphonso of Karnataka, Badami mangoes have a similar juicy texture and delicious taste.

Bombay Green Mangoes

bombay green mangoes
Bombay Green Mangoes

These mangoes are popular for their mildly sweet taste. As the name suggests, Bombay green mangoes possess a bright green skin and are largely cultivated in the northern parts of India.

Chausa Mangoes

chausa mangoes
Chausa Mangoes

Predominantly found in the northern regions, Chausa mangoes have a juicy flavor and delightful aroma. They are available in various sub-varieties, including Black, Green, and White Chausa.

Pairi Mangoes

pairi mangoes
Pairi Mangoes

A treat for mango connoisseurs, Pairi mangoes have a distinct spicy touch to their sweet taste. Their skin is a mix of green overtones with a reddish tinge.

Raspuri Mango and Imam Pasand Mangoes

Popular in the regions of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, these mangoes have a round shape and are famous for their juicy flesh and exceptional sweetness.

Safeda Mangoes

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Safeda Mangoes

Originating from Andhra Pradesh, this mango variety is known for its pale yellow skin and light orange, aromatic flavor.

2 The Mango Spectrum

In addition to these popular Indian varieties, there are also mangoes like Tommy Atkins Mango, Haden, Francis, apple mango, and Red Mangoes, predominantly found in regions outside India like South Florida, but they have also found their place in the Indian market.

India’s mangoes, each with its unique taste, color, and texture, represent the rich biodiversity of the country. From the juicy and sweet Alphonso and Kesar to the tangy and versatile Totapuri, the variety is immense. And it’s not just about the taste. The vibrant colors – from golden yellow to pale yellow and greenish-yellow – are a treat for the eyes too.

Visiting India during the mango season offers a unique experience for travelers and food enthusiasts. The sight of mango trees laden with summer fruit, the bustling markets displaying myriad types of mangoes, and the excitement of tasting each variety is unparalleled.

3 Wrapping Up

In conclusion, mangoes are not just a tropical fruit for Indians; they are a part of the country’s cultural and gastronomic fabric. Every region has its famous mango, every household its favorite type, and every individual has a memory associated with this delightful fruit. Whether you’re a local relishing your favorite mango or a traveler exploring the exotic mango hotspots of India, the experience is bound to be unforgettable.

Whether you’re a mango enthusiast looking to taste the diverse mango varieties in India or simply someone curious about the different types of mangoes, there’s no denying that the Indian mango is a fruit par excellence. So, the next time you’re in India or at an Indian grocery store elsewhere, don’t forget to indulge in the succulent and delicious mangoes that the country has to offer.

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Kaushik Jethva
Written by: Kaushik Jethva author

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Updated: September 19, 2023
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